Nagoya Protocol and Access and Benefit Sharing Agreements
The Nagoya Protocol 2014 is a supplementary agreement to the Convention on Biodiversity (Rio Convention) 1992. Its aim is to facilitate the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilisation of genetic resources, which contribute to conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. One of the key dilemmas in the late 20th century was the fact that most industrialised countries had high technical capability in exploiting biological resources, but low levels of biodiversity in contrast to developing countries which had a high level of biodiversity but low technical capability. By creating a framework for equitable sharing of resources, both industrial and developing countries can benefit from available biodiversity. This was better than perpetuating a situation whereby industrialised countries stripped useful biodiversity in developing countries for economic gain, and instead provide equitable sharing of benefits which ensure sustainability. A simple fact sheet is available here.
More information about the Convention on Biodiversity and the Nagoya Protocol are available at the ABS Initiative website.
The Northern Australia Aboriginal Kakadu Plum Alliance encourages the use of the Nagoya protocol framework to ensure that benefits from biodiscovery of native plants and animals is shared with Aboriginal people who have Indigenous Knowledge related to those plants and animals. It is through Indigenous Knowledge that researchers first became aware of the potential uses of plants and animals endemic to Australia.
In Australia, three jurisdictions have statutory requirements relating to Access and Benefit Sharing;
There are a range of examples of how Access and Benefit Sharing Agreements can be used in commercial settings. Below are a range of presentations developed by the ABS Initiative demonstrating how ABS can be utilised across a number of different industry sectors.
Other resources available through the ABS Initiative websites useful for neogtiating Access and Benefit Sharing Agreements;